|Antoni Gaudí i Cornet was born on June 25, 1852, in Reus, Catalonia; the son of Francesc Gaudí i Serra, a coppersmith, and of Antonia Cornet i Bertran; he was Christened Antonio Plácido Guillermo Gaudí i Cornet. He graduated in Barcelona in 1878 and this city became the centre of his activities. Gaudí's education and development was influenced by the theories of Viollet-le-Duc and Ruskin as well as the thought of the modernista generation, the Catalan movement corresponding to Art Nouveau which formed around the 1888 Barcelona World Fair.|
His first important job was the Casa Vicens in Barcelona. This summer residence of a ceramics dealer is a clear example of the furious work Gaudí did, which was reflected in the huge amount of details. Gaudí formed a strong relationship with the Güells, a family of industrialists who commissioned him with a good number of works and helped him gain prestige among Barcelona circles. The work he did for this family includes the Pavellons Güell, Palau Güell, Güell Cellars, the Crypt of the Colònia Güell, and the fantastic Park Güell. Gaudí's other distinctive buildings include the austere Teresian College, Casa Calvet, Bellesguard villa, Casa Batlló, and Casa Milà, also known as La Pedrera (the Quarry) and the architect's last civil work. Outside of Barcelona, Gaudí did other emblematic work, such as El Capricho (Santander), the Episcopal Palace of Astorga (León), Casa de los Botines (León) and the restoration of the cathedral of Majorca. Equally important were his links, from when he was just a young man, with the Sagrada Familia church. From the time he began to work on it, in 1884, he dedicated more and more time to it to the point that he stopped accepting other work in 1908 and worked on it up until his sudden death in 1926.
Information courtesy of Gaudí Central (which now seems to have disappeared off the net).